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HARVEY. De motu cordis & sanguinis in animalibus, anatomica exercitatio.

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HARVEY. De motu cordis & sanguinis in animalibus, anatomica exercitatio.
 
HARVEY, William. De motu cordis & sanguinis in animalibus, anatomica exercitatio. 
Lugduni Batavorum, ex officina Ioannis Maire, 1639

2 parti in un volume in 4to. 190 x 140 mm. Pagine 4 non numerate con Frontespizio e Dedica, 2 Tavole incise in rame fuori testo, 267, 1 bianca; pagine 84, 4 pagine non numerate “Lectori S.” fra le p. 82 e 83. Marca editoriale sul Frontespizio, carattere tondo e italico. Timbro rosso araldico con leone rampante entro cartiglio sul verso del Frontespizio, ripetuto in fine. Alcune fioriture e lievi bruniture, bell’esemplare. 

Rarissima terza edizione, ma seconda completa. La più importante e famosa opera di medicina mai pubblicata, una rivoluzione nella fisiologia paragonabile alla rivoluzione copernicana in astronomia. Qui è descritta la scoperta di Harvey ed è illustrata la la prova sperimentale della circolazione del sangue. Questa è la prima edizione completa che possa essere reperibile nel mercato. 
Stephen d' Irsay: “What Galilei did for physics, Harvey did for physiology and thus, medicine. He desribed exhaustively the movement of the blood, considered it quantitatively and thus syntheetized the scattered and divergent body of observations which meant nothing or little so far and were to mean everything since. The integration of the work of Servet, Colombo, Cesalpino and others into a complete scheme accounting for itself and for all of its detail - the filling of every hole in in the great tissue of which every part is interlocking and soldly woven - this indeed is an achievement of the very first magnitude.” 
Garrison & Morton: “Discovery and experimental proof of the circulation of the blood. Together with Vesalius's Fabrica (1543), Harvey' s De motu cordis shares the honour as the greatest book in the history of medicine. By fundamentally changing our conceptions of the functions of the heart and blood vessels, Harvey pointed the way to reform of all of physiology and medicine. During the mid 17th century new mechanical and chemical systems of physiology incorporated the circulation as a basic assumption in the explanation of a wide range of vital phenomena, and while subsequent developments in physiology have led to great changes in thinking about the function of the circulation, they have abundantly confirmed the importance of Harvey's discovery as the cornerstone of modern physiology and medicine.”
PMM: “He showed how the whole of the blood passes through the lungs, is returned to the left side of the heart, then passes through the general circulation and returns to the right side; he even suspected the existence of the capillaries connecting the smallest arteries with the smallest veins, but  and demonstrations marshaled by Harvey were too cogent to admit of long resistance, and his work was accepted by medical men in his lifetime. Descartes used the discovery as a basis for his mechanistic physiology; English experimental scientists regarded the discovery as of equal importance with Copernican astronomy or Galilean physics; Lower supplemented Harvey's work by discovering the role of the lungs in supplying the arterial blood with air. With all this, Harvey's work did not effect any change in medical practice nor fundamentally alter contemporary views on physiology.”
L'opera fu pubblicata per la prima volta a Francoforte nel 1628, la seconda edizione comprendente le "Esercitazioni" di Parisanus apparve a Venezia nel 1635; la prima è praticamente introvabile, mentre la seconda era priva delle tavole incise, di parti dell'introduzione e dei capitoli I e XVI. 
Per la questa terza edizione, l'editore Maire ha riproposto l’edizione originale, incluse le illustrazioni, ed ha aggiunto le critiche del medico romano Emilio Parisano e, nella seconda parte, le "Animadversiones" di James Primerose, il principale oppositore di Harvey, pubblicate nel 1630.
In questo esemplare le due carte non numerate indirizzate al Lettore ““Lectori S.”, sono poste alla fine del volume. 
PMM 127 (first edition); Heirs of Hippocrates 417; Grolier/Medicine 27 (first edition); Keynes 3; NLM/Krivatsy 5329; Parkinson and Lumb 1147; Waller 4089; Wellcome I, 3070. 
tue 1 December 2020
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